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Glossary

abdomen
Also: belly, gut, stomach, tummy
the part of the body that lies between the thorax and the pelvis and encloses the stomach, intestines, liver, spleen and pancreas
  
anaphylactic shock
a severe, often fatal form of shock characterized by swelling of the throat and breathing difficulties, low blood pressure or shock, abnormal heart rhythms and circulatory problems.   
bladder diary
or bladder record; where episodes of leakage and toilet visits are recorded   
brand
make,tademark; brand refers to the make of a product identifying it as coming from a particular manufacturer. There may be many different brands in one design group with their own defining characteristics   
Bristol Stool Chart
The Bristol Stool Chart describes seven stool consistencies; it can be useful for describing your stool consistency to a health care professional and assessing changes in stool consistency during treatment   
Charriere
CH, French Guage, FG,catheter size; Charriere is the unit of measurement for the external diameter of a urinary catheter after Joseph-Frederic-Benoit Charriere who developed the scale   
cystostomy
a cystostomy is the surgical creation of an opening into the bladder   
defaecate
describes the passage of stool from the body   
diameter
width, breadth, distance across object   
diaper
all-in-one, nappy, one-piece system,pad,adult absorbent product,continence pad   
distal
furthest from the body   
doctor
physician,consultant; doctors who help with incontinence can be family doctors (general practitioners), or specialist doctors such as urologists, uro-gynaecologists, colo-rectal surgeons, or geriatricians   
double incontinence
Also: bowel and bladder incontinence
If you have 'double incontinence' you will experience leakage from both bladder and bowel
  
faeces
stool,motion,poo,solid waste,excrement,poop,faecal material,bowel movement; this is the waste matter remaining after food has been digested, which is discharged from the bowels   
giggle incontinence
incontinence associated with giggling most common in teenage girls; the nature and cause is unclear   
gusset
crotch; the gusset is the portion of a pant (usually reinforced) which fits between the wearer's legs   
haematuria
blood in the urine which may be visible (macro) or invisible (micro)   
hydrophilic
coated catheter; hydrophilic means having an affinity for water   
hydrophobic
hydrophobic means having little or no affinity for water   
incontinence
accident, leakage: urinary incontinence is the complaint of any involuntary loss of urine (ICS); involuntary leakage of urine from the bladder or stool from the bowel (or both)   
latex sensitivity
symptoms range from mild (skin reddening, itching or a rash) to moderate (sneezing, runny nose, itchy, watery eyes, scratchy throat, difficulty breathing, wheezing, cough) to anaphylactic shock (difficulty breathing, drop in blood pressure, dizziness, loss of consciousness, confusion, rapid or weak pulse)   
Mixed incontinence
Also: mixed leakage, mixed urinary incontinence, stress and urgency incontinence
You have 'mixed incontinence' if you experience both urge and stress incontinence; mixed urinary incontinence is the complaint of involuntary leakage associated with urgency and also with exertion, effort, sneezing or coughing (ICS)
  
proximal
closest to the body   
rectum
back passage   
sheath
uridome, condom catheter, external catheter   
Stress incontinence
Also: exercise-induced incontinence, stress leakage, stress urinary incontinence
If you have 'stress urinary incontinence' you will leak at the same time as a physical acitivity. This might be coughing, sneezing, running; stress urinary incontinence is the complaint or involuntary leakage on effort or on exertion, or on sneezing or coughing (ICS).
  
urethra
The tube from the bladder to the penis   
Urge incontinence
Also: urge leakage, urge urinary incontinence
If you have 'urge urinary incontinence' you will have a strong uncontrollable need to pass urine and leak before reaching the toilet; urge urinary incontinence is the complaint of involuntary leakage accompanied by or immediately preceded by urgency (ICS).
  
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Incontinence can often be cured. Incontinence is a problem with one or more underlying causes that can often be cured or improved. Whatever your age seeking help is always advisable. Take the first step to getting help by contacting a health professional or continence organisation in your country.

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